Philippe III le Hardi (Biographies Historiques) (French Edition)
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Notices biographiques des enseignants titulaires
Login already registered, log in Registration new hier: sign up Forgot password reset rassword Keep me informed free monthly newsletter Coloring of black and white photos Pedigree PDF Wizard create a classy pedigree Subscriptions check out the possibilities. He was baptized on September 21, Baptized at 8 years of age or later by the priesthood authority of the LDS church. He died on August 25, in Carthage, Tunis, Tunisia , he was 56 years old. He is buried on August 25, in Saint-Denis, France.
Tunique and cilice of Louis IX. Treasury of Notre-Dame de Paris. Martindale and J.
e-book Philippe III le Hardi (Biographies Historiques) (French Edition)
Fisher, ed. Davis, Charlemagne. The Hero of Two Nations London, , Weaver and A. Bartholomew and C. Davis, ed. Charles H. Pollard, ed. William A. Ross Terrill, R. David M. Lewis, The Jews of Oxford Oxford, , 61—2. Marc Bloch, untitled notes for a speech in London, n. By the terms of his father's will he received an appanage of Auvergne. Alphonse took part in two crusades with his brother, St Louis , in and in For the first of these, he raised a large sum and a substantial force, arriving in Damietta on 24 October , after the town had been captured.
Philip III of France
He sailed for home on 10 August His father-in-law had died while he was away, he went directly to Toulouse to take possession. There was some resistance to his accession as count, suppressed with the help of his mother Blanche of Castile, acting as regent in the absence of Louis IX; the county of Toulouse , since was joined to Alphonse's appanage. During that time he took a great part in the campaigns and negotiations which led to the Treaty of Paris in , under which King Henry III of England recognized his loss of continental territory to France in exchange for France withdrawing support from English rebels.
Aside from the crusades, Alphonse stayed in Paris , governing his estates by officials, inspectors who reviewed the officials' work, a constant stream of messages, his main work was on his own estates. There he repaired the evils of the Albigensian war and made a first attempt at administrative centralization, thus preparing the way for union with the crown. He is remembered for founding the bastide town of Villeneuve-sur-Lot which straddles the River Lot and still contains many of its original structures, including one of the first bridges across the river.
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The charter known as "Alphonsine," granted to the town of Riom , became the code of public law for Auvergne. Honest and moderate, protecting the middle classes against exactions of the nobles, he exercised a happy influence upon the south, in spite of his despotic character and his continual and pressing need of money, he is noted for ordering the first recorded local expulsion of Jews, when he did so in Poitou in When Louis IX again engaged in a crusade, Alphonse again raised a large sum of money and accompanied his brother; this time, however, he did not return to France, dying while on his way back at Savona in Italy , on 21 August Alphonse's death without heirs raised some questions as to the succession to his lands.
One possibility was that they should revert to the crown, another that they should be redistributed to his family. The latter was claimed by Charles of Anjou, but in Parlement decided that the County of Toulouse should revert to the crown, if there were no male heirs. Alphonse's wife Joan had attempted to dispose of some of her inherited lands in her will. But, her will was invalidated by Parlement in One specific bequest in Alphonse's will, giving his wife's lands in the Comtat Venaissin to the Holy See , was allowed, it became a Papal territory, a status that it retained until ISBN Hallam, Elizabeth M..
Capetian France , Jackson, Guida M.. Women rulers throughout the ages: an illustrated guide. Strayer, Joseph R.. Wolff; the Crusades, This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. This cites Ledain and Molinier as listed below. The building is of singular importance and architecturally as its choir, completed in , shows the first use of all of the elements of Gothic architecture; the site originated as a Gallo-Roman cemetery in late Roman times. The archeological remains still lie beneath the cathedral. Around St.
Genevieve built Saint-Denys de la Chapelle. In on the orders of Dagobert I the relics of Saint Denis , a patron saint of France , were reinterred in the basilica; the relics of St-Denis, transferred to the parish church of the town in , were brought back again to the abbey in The basilica became a place of pilgrimage and the burial place of the French Kings with nearly every king from the 10th to the 18th centuries being buried there, as well as many from previous centuries.
In the 12th century the Abbot Suger rebuilt portions of the abbey church using innovative structural and decorative features. In doing so, he is said to have created the first Gothic building.
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The basilica's 13th-century nave is the prototype for the Rayonnant Gothic style, provided an architectural model for many medieval cathedrals and abbeys of northern France, England and a great many other countries; the abbey church became a cathedral in and is the seat of the Bishop of Saint-Denis , Pascal Michel Ghislain Delannoy. Although known as the "Basilica of St Denis", the cathedral has not been granted the title of Minor Basilica by the Vatican.
Saint Denis, a patron saint of France, became the first bishop of Paris , he was decapitated on the hill of Montmartre in the mid-third century with two of his followers, is said to have subsequently carried his head to the site of the current church, indicating where he wanted to be buried. A martyrium was erected on the site of his grave, which became a famous place of pilgrimage during the fifth and sixth centuries.
Dagobert, the king of the Franks , refounded the church as the Abbey of Saint Denis, a Benedictine monastery. Dagobert commissioned a new shrine to house the saint's remains, created by his chief councillor, Eligius, a goldsmith by training. An early vita of Saint Eligius describes the shrine: Above all, Eligius fabricated a mausoleum for the holy martyr Denis in the city of Paris with a wonderful marble ciborium over it marvelously decorated with gold and gems, he composed a crest and a magnificent frontal and surrounded the throne of the altar with golden axes in a circle.
He placed golden apples there and jeweled, he made a roof for the throne of the altar on silver axes. He made a covering in the place before the tomb and fabricated an outside altar at the feet of the holy martyr. So much industry did he lavish there, at the king's request, poured out so much that scarcely a single ornament was left in Gaul and it is the greatest wonder of all to this day.
None of this work survives; the Basilica of St Denis ranks as an architectural landmark—as the first major structure of which a substantial part was designed and built in the Gothic style. Both stylistically and structurally, it heralded the change from Romanesque architecture to Gothic architecture. Before the term "Gothic" came into common use, it was known as the "French Style"; as it now stands, the church is a large cruciform building of "basilica" form. It has an additional aisle on the northern side formed of a row of chapels; the west front has three portals, a rose one tower, on the southern side.
The eastern end, built over a crypt , is apsidal , surrounded by an ambulatory and a chevet of nine radiating chapels; the basilica retains stained glass of many periods, including exceptional modern glass, a set of twelve misericords. The basilica measures meters long, its width is 39 meters. Little is known about the earliest buildings on the site; the first church mentioned in the chronicles was begun in under Pepin the Short and completed under Charlemagne , present at its consecration in By the Abbey had been granted a remunerative whaling concession on the Cotentin Peninsula.
Most of what is now known about the Carolingian church at St Denis resulted from a lengthy series of excavations begun under the American art historian Sumner McKnight Crosby in The building was about 60m long, with a monumental westwork , single transepts , a crossing tower and a lengthy eastern apse over a large crypt. According to one of the Abbey's many foundation myths a leper , sleeping in the nearly completed church the night before its planned consecration, witnessed a blaze of light from which Christ, accompanied by St Denis and a host of angels, emerged to conduct the consecration ceremony himself.
Before leaving, Christ healed the leper, tearing off his diseased skin to reveal a perfect complexion underneath. A misshapen patch on a marble column was said to be the leper's former skin, which stuck there when Christ discarded it. Having been consecrated by Christ, the fabric of the bui. It is located in the western suburbs of Inhabitants are called Pisciacais; the " Simca Poissy engine " was made here.
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The Park welcomes companies employing a total of 2, employees. Two business incubator, a heliport , the Chamber of Commerce of Yvelines-Val d'Oise, two hotels, a sports centre and a municipal technical centre are located there. Villa Savoye , considered by many to be the seminal work of the Swiss architect Le Corbusier ; the "Noyau de Poissy" is a liquor based on macerated or distilled apricot pits, a local tradition since early 18th century. La Porteuse de pain. The region is still known informally as the Comtat Venaissin, although this no longer has any political meaning.
Alphonse bequeathed it to the Holy See on his death in Since this happened during an interregnum , there was no Holy Roman Emperor ; the Comtat became a Papal territory in The region was named after its former capital, replaced as capital by Carpentras in Avignon was sold to the papacy by Joanna I, Queen of Naples and Countess of Provence , in , whereupon the two comtats were joined together to form a unified papal enclave geographically, though retaining their separate political identities.
The enclave's inhabitants did not pay taxes and were not subject to military service, making life in the Comtat more attractive than under the French Crown , it became a haven for French Jews , who received better treatment under papal rule than in the rest of France. Successive French rulers sought to annex the region to France, it was invaded by French troops in , and —74 during disputes between the Crown and the Church.
Papal control continued until , when an unauthorized plebiscite , under pressure from French revolutionaries, was held and the inhabitants voted for annexation by France.
The papacy did not recognise this formally until From to the chief administrator of the Comtat Venaissin was the Rector , appointed directly by the Pope. Most of the incumbents were in fact prelates, either Archbishops or Bishops, the Rector therefore had the right to wear a purple garb, similar to that of an Apostolic Chamberlain, his official residence was in Carpentras.